Newport will be able to establish a residential tax structure that encourages owner-occupied housing under legislation sponsored by Rep. Lauren H. Carson and approved by the House of Representatives today.
The legislation (2022-H 8182), which is specific to only Newport, allows the city to establish two residential tax rates: one for owner-occupied housing, and one for housing that is not owner-occupied, according to a press release from the Rhode Island General Assembly.
The City of Newport intends to set the rate lower for owner-occupied properties, according to the press release.
The bill was requested by the Newport City Council pursuant to a recommendation by the city’s ad hoc Tax Relief Committee, which was created by the council to look into ways to provide relief to year-round residents.
“At its core, this legislation is about making housing more affordable in Newport. This is a way to lower the burden on year-round residents and to push back a bit on the trend of our city’s residential properties being bought up and used as short-term rentals. I’m happy to support this creative effort to provide tax relief and make living in our city more affordable and ultimately more accessible to our residents.”
State law already contains a provision allowing Newport to enact a homestead exemption, which is a common tool to provide lower taxes to residents. However, the city never actually put one into place, and doing so now would result in a reduction in the city’s tax collections that would require the city to raise rates, possibly shifting some of the burden onto businesses.
City officials intend to keep the annual total tax levy from all residential properties at its current level – about $79 million – but adopt a lower tax rate residential properties that qualify as owner-occupied. It would then make up the difference in revenue by adopting a higher rate for the remaining residential properties.
The legislation is enabling, meaning the City Council would also have to adopt ordinances and regulations to actually carry out the idea. The plan being discussed by city officials would require homeowners to apply annually to classify their home as owner-occupied.
The legislation now heads to the Senate, where Sen. Dawn Euer (D-Dist. 13, Newport, Jamestown) has introduced companion legislation (2022-S 2898).